Source code for manim_directive

A directive for including Manim videos in a Sphinx document

When rendering the HTML documentation, the ``.. manim::`` directive
implemented here allows to include rendered videos.

Its basic usage that allows processing **inline content**
looks as follows::

    .. manim:: MyScene

        class MyScene(Scene):
            def construct(self):

It is required to pass the name of the class representing the
scene to be rendered to the directive.

As a second application, the directive can also be used to
render scenes that are defined within doctests, for example::

    .. manim:: DirectiveDoctestExample
        :ref_classes: Dot

        >>> dot = Dot(color=RED)
        >>> dot.color
        <Color #fc6255>
        >>> class DirectiveDoctestExample(Scene):
        ...     def construct(self):


Options can be passed as follows::

    .. manim:: <Class name>
        :<option name>: <value>

The following configuration options are supported by the

        If this flag is present without argument,
        the source code is not displayed above the rendered video.

    quality : {'low', 'medium', 'high', 'fourk'}
        Controls render quality of the video, in analogy to
        the corresponding command line flags.

        If this flag is present without argument,
        the scene is rendered as a gif.

        If this flag is present without argument,
        an image representing the last frame of the scene will
        be rendered and displayed, instead of a video.

        A list of classes, separated by spaces, that is
        rendered in a reference block after the source code.

        A list of functions, separated by spaces,
        that is rendered in a reference block after the source code.

        A list of methods, separated by spaces,
        that is rendered in a reference block after the source code.

import csv
import itertools as it
import os
import re
import shutil
import sys
from pathlib import Path
from timeit import timeit
from typing import Callable, List

import jinja2
from docutils import nodes
from docutils.parsers.rst import Directive, directives
from docutils.statemachine import StringList

from manim import QUALITIES

classnamedict = {}

[docs]class skip_manim_node(nodes.Admonition, nodes.Element): pass
[docs]def visit(self, node, name=""): self.visit_admonition(node, name)
[docs]def depart(self, node): self.depart_admonition(node)
[docs]def process_name_list(option_input: str, reference_type: str) -> List[str]: r"""Reformats a string of space separated class names as a list of strings containing valid Sphinx references. Tests ----- :: >>> process_name_list("Tex TexTemplate", "class") [":class:`~.Tex`", ":class:`~.TexTemplate`"] >>> process_name_list(" Mobject.rotate", "func") [":func:``", ":func:`~.Mobject.rotate`"] """ return [f":{reference_type}:`~.{name}`" for name in option_input.split()]
[docs]class ManimDirective(Directive): r"""The manim directive, rendering videos while building the documentation. See the module docstring for documentation. """ has_content = True required_arguments = 1 optional_arguments = 0 option_spec = { "hide_source": bool, "quality": lambda arg: directives.choice( arg, ("low", "medium", "high", "fourk"), ), "save_as_gif": bool, "save_last_frame": bool, "ref_modules": lambda arg: process_name_list(arg, "mod"), "ref_classes": lambda arg: process_name_list(arg, "class"), "ref_functions": lambda arg: process_name_list(arg, "func"), "ref_methods": lambda arg: process_name_list(arg, "meth"), } final_argument_whitespace = True def run(self): if "skip-manim" in node = skip_manim_node() self.state.nested_parse( StringList(self.content[0]), self.content_offset, node, ) return [node] from manim import config, tempconfig global classnamedict clsname = self.arguments[0] if clsname not in classnamedict: classnamedict[clsname] = 1 else: classnamedict[clsname] += 1 hide_source = "hide_source" in self.options save_as_gif = "save_as_gif" in self.options save_last_frame = "save_last_frame" in self.options assert not (save_as_gif and save_last_frame) ref_content = ( self.options.get("ref_modules", []) + self.options.get("ref_classes", []) + self.options.get("ref_functions", []) + self.options.get("ref_methods", []) ) if ref_content: ref_block = "References: " + " ".join(ref_content) else: ref_block = "" if "quality" in self.options: quality = f'{self.options["quality"]}_quality' else: quality = "example_quality" frame_rate = QUALITIES[quality]["frame_rate"] pixel_height = QUALITIES[quality]["pixel_height"] pixel_width = QUALITIES[quality]["pixel_width"] state_machine = self.state_machine document = state_machine.document source_file_name = Path(document.attributes["source"]) source_rel_name = source_file_name.relative_to(setup.confdir) source_rel_dir = source_rel_name.parents[0] dest_dir = Path(, source_rel_dir).absolute() if not dest_dir.exists(): dest_dir.mkdir(parents=True, exist_ok=True) source_block = [ ".. code-block:: python", "", " from manim import *\n", *(" " + line for line in self.content), ] source_block = "\n".join(source_block) config.media_dir = (Path(setup.confdir) / "media").absolute() config.images_dir = "{media_dir}/images" config.video_dir = "{media_dir}/videos/{quality}" output_file = f"{clsname}-{classnamedict[clsname]}" config.assets_dir = Path("_static") config.progress_bar = "none" config.verbosity = "WARNING" example_config = { "frame_rate": frame_rate, "pixel_height": pixel_height, "pixel_width": pixel_width, "save_last_frame": save_last_frame, "write_to_movie": not save_last_frame, "output_file": output_file, } if save_last_frame: example_config["format"] = None if save_as_gif: example_config["format"] = "gif" user_code = self.content if user_code[0].startswith(">>> "): # check whether block comes from doctest user_code = [ line[4:] for line in user_code if line.startswith((">>> ", "... ")) ] code = [ "from manim import *", *user_code, f"{clsname}().render()", ] with tempconfig(example_config): run_time = timeit(lambda: exec("\n".join(code), globals()), number=1) video_dir = config.get_dir("video_dir") images_dir = config.get_dir("images_dir") _write_rendering_stats( clsname, run_time, self.state.document.settings.env.docname, ) # copy video file to output directory if not (save_as_gif or save_last_frame): filename = f"{output_file}.mp4" filesrc = video_dir / filename destfile = Path(dest_dir, filename) shutil.copyfile(filesrc, destfile) elif save_as_gif: filename = f"{output_file}.gif" filesrc = video_dir / filename elif save_last_frame: filename = f"{output_file}.png" filesrc = images_dir / filename else: raise ValueError("Invalid combination of render flags received.") rendered_template = jinja2.Template(TEMPLATE).render( clsname=clsname, clsname_lowercase=clsname.lower(), hide_source=hide_source, filesrc_rel=Path(filesrc).relative_to(setup.confdir).as_posix(), output_file=output_file, save_last_frame=save_last_frame, save_as_gif=save_as_gif, source_block=source_block, ref_block=ref_block, ) state_machine.insert_input( rendered_template.split("\n"), source=document.attributes["source"], ) return []
rendering_times_file_path = Path("../rendering_times.csv") def _write_rendering_stats(scene_name, run_time, file_name): with open(rendering_times_file_path, "a") as file: csv.writer(file).writerow( [ re.sub(r"^(reference\/)|(manim\.)", "", file_name), scene_name, "%.3f" % run_time, ], ) def _log_rendering_times(*args): if rendering_times_file_path.exists(): with open(rendering_times_file_path) as file: data = list(csv.reader(file)) if len(data) == 0: sys.exit() print("\nRendering Summary\n-----------------\n") max_file_length = max(len(row[0]) for row in data) for key, group in it.groupby(data, key=lambda row: row[0]): key = key.ljust(max_file_length + 1, ".") group = list(group) if len(group) == 1: row = group[0] print(f"{key}{row[2].rjust(7, '.')}s {row[1]}") continue time_sum = sum(float(row[2]) for row in group) print( f"{key}{f'{time_sum:.3f}'.rjust(7, '.')}s => {len(group)} EXAMPLES", ) for row in group: print(f"{' '*(max_file_length)} {row[2].rjust(7)}s {row[1]}") print("") def _delete_rendering_times(*args): if rendering_times_file_path.exists(): os.remove(rendering_times_file_path)
[docs]def setup(app): import manim app.add_node(skip_manim_node, html=(visit, depart)) = app setup.config = app.config setup.confdir = app.confdir app.add_directive("manim", ManimDirective) app.connect("builder-inited", _delete_rendering_times) app.connect("build-finished", _log_rendering_times) metadata = {"parallel_read_safe": False, "parallel_write_safe": True} return metadata
TEMPLATE = r""" {% if not hide_source %} .. raw:: html <div id="{{ clsname_lowercase }}" class="admonition admonition-manim-example"> <p class="admonition-title">Example: {{ clsname }} <a class="headerlink" href="#{{ clsname_lowercase }}">¶</a></p> {% endif %} {% if not (save_as_gif or save_last_frame) %} .. raw:: html <video class="manim-video" controls loop autoplay src="./{{ output_file }}.mp4"></video> {% elif save_as_gif %} .. image:: /{{ filesrc_rel }} :align: center {% elif save_last_frame %} .. image:: /{{ filesrc_rel }} :align: center {% endif %} {% if not hide_source %} {{ source_block }} {{ ref_block }} {% endif %} .. raw:: html </div> """